CULTURE TYPES

Company Culture is the personality of a company. It defines the environment in which employees work. Company Culture includes a variety of elements, including work environment, company mission, value, ethics, expectations, and goals. … Other companies have a casual workplace without many rules and regulations.

Hierarchical Corporate Culture is an organizational model based on clearly defined corporate levels and structures. Hierarchy is a type of organizational structure in which items are ranked according to levels of importance.

Market Culture is a type of corporate culture that emphasizes competitiveness not only between the organization and its market competitors but also between employees. The market model is the most aggressive and capitalistic of the four common corporate culture models.

Adhocracy Culture is a flexible, adaptable and informal form of organizational culture that is defined by a lack of formal structure. It operates in an opposite fashion to a bureaucracy.

Clan Culture is a family-like or tribe-like type of corporate environment that emphasizes consensus and commonality of goals and values. Clan cultures are the most collaborative and the least competitive of the four main corporate culture models.

Organizational Cultures are created by a variety of factors, including founders’ values and preferences, industry demands, and early values, goals, and assumptions. Culture is maintained through attraction-selection-attrition, new employee on-boarding, leadership, and organizational reward systems.

SCHEIN’S THREE LEVELS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

Edgar SchienEdgar Henry Schein, a former professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management, has made a notable mark on the field of organizational development in many areas, including career development, group process consultation, and organizational culture. divides organizational cultureOrganizational culture encompasses values and behaviors that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an business. into three levels: Artifacts: these “artifacts” are at the surface, those aspects (such as dress) which can be easily discerned, yet are hard to understand; Espoused Values: beneath artifacts are “espoused values” which are conscious strategies, goals and philosophies. The third being Basic Underlying Assumptions which are shared basic assumptions.

Schein’s Organizational Culture ModelIn practice, Edgar Schein's Three Levels of the Organizational Culture Model are sometimes represented as an Onion Model as it is based on different, overlapping layers. also provides points of reference to create cultural change. According to Edgar Schein, it’s sensible to have discussions with as many employees as possible to discover the underlying backgrounds and aspects of the organizational culture. These could be a basis for cultural change. People should be aware that cultural change is a transformation processA Transformation Process is any activity or group of activities that takes one or more inputs, transforms and adds value to them, and provides outputs for customers or clients.; behavior must be unlearned first before new behavior can be learned in its place. When a difference arises between the desired and the prevailing culture, cultural interventions should take place. The responsibility lies with senior management supported by a personnel department. This requires a comprehensive approach. A new logo, corporate style or a customer-orientation training will not suffice. It is important that results are measured and that good performance is rewarded.